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درس Frequently Misused and Confused Words

Frequently Misused and Confused Words PART 1 |a| :Ability/capacity Often used interchangeably; ability technically refers to a learned/acquired skill, whereas capacity refers to the potential .to learn or acquired



درس Frequently Misused and Confused Words


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  1. #1

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    افتراضي درس Frequently Misused and Confused Words

     
    Frequently Misused and Confused Words
    PART 1
    |a|
    :Ability/capacity
    Often used interchangeably; ability technically refers
    to a learned/acquired skill, whereas capacity refers to the potential
    .to learn or acquired a skill
    :Accept/except
    .Accept: to take in or agree to
    .Except: omission or exclusion
    :Adapt/adopt
    .Adapt: to adjust to a particular situation, use, area
    .Adopt: to accept and use as one's own

    :Adopted/adoptive
    A thing, person, idea, etc., is adopted by an adoptive person, organization, etc
    :adverse/averse
    .Adverse: hostile, unfavorable
    .'' Averse: reluctant; '' I am averse to doing something that may cause an adverse reaction
    :affect/effect
    .Affect: to influence; used most commonly as a verb
    Effect: to accomplish or cause; most commonly used as a noun; the difference are
    .subtle; effect is increasingly accepted for both

    |b|
    :bazaar/bizarre
    .Bazaar: a marketplace or similar area/activity where diverse items are for sale
    .Bizarre: weird, strange
    :biannual/biennial
    .Biannual: twice a year
    .Biennial: every two years
    :breach/breech
    .A breach: is a '' violation '' of something such as a breach of faith or a ***** in a wall
    .A breech: is the back of the bore in a gun, rifle, etc
    :breath/breathe
    .Breath: is a noun; the act of inhaling and exhaling
    .Breathe: is a verb; to inhale and exhale

    |C|
    ..can/may: Another distinction that is rapidly disappearing
    .can: refers to the ability to do something
    .may: to permission
    :capital/capitol
    .With an '' a '' it's the city where the seat of government resides
    .With an '' O '' it's the building where the government meets
    :cereal/******
    .Cereal: grain, breakfast food
    .******: continuous actions as part of a whole
    :Childish/childlike
    Although both mean, essentially, acting like a child, childish bears a negative connotation implying lack of maturity, while childlike implies the positive aspects of being mature but retaining one's youthful outlook

    :(Confidant/confident (confidante
    .Confidant: someone told confidential information
    Confident: self-assured; confidante refers to a female confidant, and is rapidly falling into disuse
    :Coarse/course
    .Coarse: crude, rough in texture
    .Course: path or plan of travel, or a class or series of classes
    :Consistency/constancy
    .Consistency: an agreement within a set of actions, argument, etc
    .Constancy: faithfulness
    .NOTE: consistency also refers to measure of thickness



    :Continual/continuous
    :Continual activities: occur over a period of time, but are not constant, for example
    '' I am continually telling my students to work hard ''
    :continuous activities: are constant, for example
    ''the noise was continuous ''
    :Council/counsel
    .Council: a body of people who make decisions
    .Counsel: to give advice and, in law, the lawyer who gives that advice


    ]vs Frequently Misused and Confused Words


  2. #2

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    افتراضي رد: درس Frequently Misused and Confused Words

    Frequently Misused // Confused Words
    PART 2
    | D |
    Debar / Disbar : Anyone can be debarred or excluded; disbarred is used only
    .for lawyers whose credentials have been removed
    :Deceased / Diseased
    .Deceased : to be dead; diseased : means to have an illness
    :Definite / Definitive
    .Definite : something precise and specific
    Definitive : something that is the perfect example, beyond any challenge; often used
    .hyperbolically or figuratively
    :Delusion / illusion
    __________ A subtle difference
    :Delusion : is a false belief, whereas an illusion is a false perception; for example
    Because she was under the delusion that he was a kind person, she formed the illusion ''
    '' that he was handsome, as well

    :Desert / dessert
    .Desert : a very hot and dry place
    .Dessert : the good stuff at the end of a meal
    :Disapprove / Disprove
    .Disapprove : find unfavorable; Disprove : show to be false
    | E |
    :Earthy / earthly
    (Earthy : in common use: vulgar, coarse, realistic (down to earth
    ..or, more specifically, soil, land, etc
    Earthly : of the Earth, as opposed to of the heavens in either religious
    .or ''outer space'' terminology
    : e.g / i.e
    Often mistakenly interchanged, e.g. means : ''for example'' and precedes the actual
    example(s); i.e. : means ''that is,'' or ''that is to say,'' and adds a new thought
    .or corollary to its precedent

    :Elicit / illicit
    .Elicit : bring forth, esp. a comment or response
    .Illicit : illegal
    | F |
    :Farther / further
    .Farther : means physical distance; and further means moreover, additionally
    :Fatal / fateful
    .Fatal : to result in or cause death; fateful: having a major consequence
    :Faze / phase
    .Faze : bother; phase : an aspect of the whole
    :Final / finale
    ..Final : used to mean last / end, etc
    Finale : is a noun, and should be reserved for the ''final'' piece, especially of
    .a musical performance
    | G |
    :Gibe / jibe / jib
    .Gibe : to make fun of
    .Jibe : a nautical term for changing direction, or slang for agreement
    .Jib : a triangular sail on the front of a ship

    :Good / well
    ,Good : is an adjective and should be used with a noun/pronoun
    .it also has a moral connotation
    | H |
    :Hoard / horde
    Hoard : a stored away supply of one or more items, often with the connotation
    .that something is being kept from others
    Horde : a large group or crowd, usually living things (people, animals) often has
    .a negative implication
    | I |
    :Idol / idle / idyll
    Idol : item of worship; idle : inactive, not working; idyll : a short poem/prose describing
    .a picturesque, happy scene or event
    :Incite / insight
    .Incite : to prompt into action
    .Insight : deep understanding
    :Inflict / afflict
    .One inflicts something on another, who is then afflicted
    :It's / its
    .Use the apostrophe only in a contraction for '' it is '' ( or it has ); otherwise, use its


  3. #3

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    افتراضي رد: درس Frequently Misused and Confused Words

    Frequently Misused // Confused Words
    PART 3
    | O |
    ,Obsolete / Obsolescent: Similar, but obsolescent refers to something that is becoming obsolete
    but may still be in use; something obsolete is no longer in use; for example, a three-year old
    .computer may be obsolescent, but a manual typewriter is obsolete
    :Oral / Verbal
    Often incorrectly interchanged, a verbal agreement is one that uses words, and can be spoken
    or written; an oral agreement is only spoken
    :Ordinance / Ordnance
    .Ordinance: a law, regulation
    .Ordnance: military weaponry
    :Oversight / Omission
    An oversight is something we miss/leave out inadvertently ( in government, '' to oversee '' ); an
    .omission is deliberate

    | P |
    :Palate / Palette / Pallet
    .Palate: the roof of the mouth
    .Palette: a board used by a painter to mix colors
    .Pallet: a type of bed used for sleeping, or a platform that holds large/heavy items
    :Pedal / Peddle
    .Pedal: operate with one's feet, like a bicycle. Peddle: sell
    :Persecute / Prosecute
    .Persecute: harass, torment
    .Prosecute: to pursue legal action
    :Practical / Practicable
    .Anything that can be done is practicable; if it can be done sensibly, it is practical
    :Precede / Proceed
    .Preced: to come before
    .Proceed: to go before
    :Precedence / Precedent
    .Precedence: to have priority over something else
    (.Precedent drawn from a similar idea ( a law, deed, etc
    | Q |
    :Quiet / Quite
    .Quiet: not noisy; Quite: very
    :Quote / Quotation
    .Use quote as a verb, quotation as a noun

    | R |
    :Raise / Rise
    .When an object is raised, it rises
    :Rational / Rationale
    .Rational: reasonable, thoughtful
    .Rationale: the reason for doing something, often an excuse for bad behavior
    :Ravage / Ravish / Ravishing
    .Ravage: destroy, devastate; Ravish: rape, kidnap for purposes of rape
    .( Ravishing: most often used for extremely attractive ( ravishing beauty
    :Ravel / Unravel
    ,For reasons best known to our early wordsmiths
    .Ravel: can mean either tangle or untangle; Unravel: always means untangle
    :Rein / Reign / Rain
    ;Comin from the same root, rein and reign are often wrongfully interchanged
    .Rein: a literal and figurative strap to hold a person/animal under control
    .Reign: to rule; Rain: refers to the weather phenomenon

 

 

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