►السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته◄
من الضروري أن يتقن الصحفي العامل في مجال التلفزيون استعمال الإصطلاحات المستعملة في هذا المجال الصحفي و يدرك بالضبط ما تؤديه من معان.
الإصطلاحات الفنية هي لغة التواصل بين الصحفيين و الفنيين و حتى بين الصحفيين أنفسهم، و عدم التحكم فيها قد يخل بأداء الفريق و يؤثر بشكل سلبي على نتيجة العمل.
وفيما يلي قائمة بأهم الإصطلاحات المستعملة في التلفزيون:

ActiveX
A plug in ENPS which can allow access to other systems such as Viz graphics
BGAN
Broadband Global Area Network - Latest sat-phone system from Inmarsat. Allows Internet connections up to 256Kbps, Voice calls and ISDN data upto 64Kbps, all simultaneously. This will be how some Quicklink and VPoint material will be fed to Egton House. IFB and Co-Ord lines may be routed via BGAN links
Big Ted/ Big Viz
A BBC developed system that interfaces between ENPS and graphics (Viz), playout (IBIS) and prompter (Auto--xx--) systems
Bug (e.g. Live Bug)
رمز البث المباشر او الارشيف ..الخ
BNCS
A touch screen control system used for routing circuits and monitoring.
Break
An interlude between parts of the programme. Will include promos, interstitials but no commercial product
Coming up
تنويه إضافي في نشرة الاخبار، ياتي بعد الجزء الاول او الثاني او اكثر من النشرة.
CBIS
BBC wide system of booking lines which can also control routing. It can also generate an arrivals board.
CCA
Big technical control room at Television Centre, it houses Sat Ops.
Clean Feed (Cue, IFB, IRB, mix-minus)
1. Audio feed out to an OS. Contains programme audio minus the contributors voice.
2. Video feed of the output from the switcher without any graphical information and any special effects.
Co-ord line
A dedicated communications line (landline, mobile, ISDN etc) facilitating the set-up between an outside location and the studio gallery
Crews
1. A Location Camera Crew, usually a single camera operator
2. Gallery / studio staff
CSO (blue / green screen, chromakey)
Colour separation overlay used to place a contributor into a false background (often used in news inject studios)
CG Computer Graphics (Lower third caption, capgen, Cap, caption, Aston)
جرافيك يغطي الثلث الاسفل من الشاشة، يعرض اسماء الاشخاص او المواقع ..الخ
Curious Maps
Software for generating editable animated graphics of maps. Part of the VizRT software suite
D3
High Quality videotape format not often used now but many archive tapes are D3.
D5
Similar to D3 but effectively better quality
Dalet
A desk top editing system
Dirty feed / copy
An incoming video/audio feed which includes all graphical information and special effects from an outside source eg: a recording from another TV channel
Digibeta
High Quality videotape format, Digibeta can only be played from the multi format machine on the Hub
Downlink
Satellite receiver point
DTL (Down the line, Live 2-way, OS)
مقابلة باستخدام مصدر خارجي OS (مثلا: عبر القمر الاصطناعي)
DSR-450
Sony full size professional camcorder used by some ATV crews
DV
DV is a tape format used by the small domestic cameras
DVCAM
Tape format used by Arabic TV crews as well as many others including those from BBC News working within the UK and Ireland. Available in both large and small cassette sizes.
DOG (Digitally Originated Graphic)
رمز المحطة
EDL
Edit decision List - editing without changing media just a series of instructions and pointers to the media
ELVIS
Electronic Visual Information System - ELVIS is a store of 130,000 pictures from the BBC Photograph Library and Stills Archive which you can view online and have delivered to your desktop. http://elvis.nca.bbc.co.uk/
ENPS
News Production System used throughout BBC
Float (FL)
صور متحركة تعرض اثناء المقابلات مع مراعاة تناسبها مع موضوع المقابلة
Final Cut Pro (FCP)
A Mac based video edit system which can access and export to Dalet
Full Frame
جرافيك يشمل الشاشة كاملة
Gallery
Production Control Room including Sound and Lighting
GAN (also referred to as M4)
The predecessor to BGAN which allows ISDN calls and voice via satellite. IFB and Co-Ord lines may be routed via M4 links.
Grams (bed, bubble, vamp)
Thematic music which is used underneath a graphics or a coming-up visual sequence
Headline
عناوين النشرة، وتكون عادة على شكل OOV ويتراوح عددها بين ثلاثة وخمسة عناوين.. ويمكن ان تشتمل على SOT او Nat Sot
Hub
Media Hub - combines ingest with MCR
IBIS
The video playout software
Inmarsat
Commercial satellite communications provider. See BGAN and M4.
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network - Digital telephone system used for ad-hoc broadcast quality audio lines. Sometimes used for IFB, often using Inmarsat sat-phones
Inject Points
Network of street level fixed-lines at key locations across London allowing live contributions or tape feed via SCAR.
Ingest
The assimilation of all forms of material from all sources into the digital domain. Omneon Ingest ports pass material into Dalet ingest
Into Break Sting
Video and/or audio playout to separate programme from "commercial" break. FROM programme TO break.
IP (Internet protocol)
ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)
A digital telephone system used for ad-hoc broadcast quality audio lines. It can be used to provide a clean feed, often using Inmarsat sat-phones. They are readily available in public buildings, stadia and TV operations centres
JUPITER
The asset management system used by BBC News. You can access and transfer News material from a PC with the Jupiter application on it.
Keyer
Effects unit that combines two video signals. Used for overlaying GFX or performing CSO effects. Can be part of a vision mixer or a standalone unit.
Location Facilities
Also known as FACS. Team of BBC News engineers that operate the London Sat-trucks and support location ops.
ME (bank)
Section of vision mixer used for effects (Mixer Effects)
Merlin Communications
World Service contractor that operates Bush House control room and SMDS
MOS Gateway
The link between the server and the running order (see below)
MOS Item
Media Object Server, the system used by ENPS to link --xx--s and running orders to media and events.
MPEG-2
Lossy Compression system used for incoming OS video links and transmission systems. Includes embedded compressed audio.
Naming Convention
To ensure correct working of the Dalet, Radioman and IBIS systems it is essential that there is an adhered to system of naming media.
NOC
Network Operations Centre - Bush House control room that is responsible for final transmission of Arabic TV
Nat Sot
Natural sound occurring on a piece of video or audio tape/disc
OOV (Out Of Vision) (in the American terminology LVO)
نص يقرأه المذيع دون ان يظهر على الشاشة، بينما يعرض شريط مصور يتناسب مع النص.
OS (Outside Source)
مصدر خارجي، عبر القمر الاصطناعي، عبر الهاتف، عبر الهاتف المصور.. الخ
OFCOM
UK broadcast regulatory commission
Out of Break Sting
Video and/or audio playout to separate programme from "commercial" break. FROM break TO programme.
PAL
Phase Alternate Line - The UK standard of analogue TV. analogue TV.
PFL
Pre fader listen - allows the sound mixer to hear an audio source off-air
Placeholder
MOS
Item in ENPS that will hold media
رمز MOS على صفحة ال ENPS يربط الصفحة مع نظام التقطيع الالكتروني للصور Dalet
Ports
These are the video/audio outputs from the Omneon TX servers (TX Ports) Ingest ports are how we get material into Dalet via the Omneon ingest
Premiere
Adobe editing package installed on the Arabic TV field-editing laptops
Prompt
Auto--xx-- in our case (not Autocue)
PTB
Production Talkback - Open Talkback
Package (VT)
تقرير مصور من اعداد المراسل او صحافي في غرفة الاخبار.
Promo
شريط مصور يشتمل على تعليق او SOT او Nat Sot يفيد في الاعلان عن برنامج او قصة او موضوع
Prompt(er)
It allows an in-vision presenter to see an enlarged line-by-line reproduction of a --xx-- which is unseen by the audience. ATV is using Auto--xx-- not Autocue
PTB (Production talkback)
A system of communications links in a television or radio studio that enables directions to be given while a programme is being made. A director will talk on "open" talkback which is live to presenters and crew all the time. A producer normally works on "switched" so that they only communicate to one person /area at any one time
PTC (Piece To Camera) in the American terminology Stand upper
تسجيل بالصورة والصوت للمراسل ضمن تقرير، وقد تكون في بداية التقرير وتسمى Opener أو في وسطه وتسمى Bridge أو في آخره وتسمى PTC
QuickLink
Store and forward software used to compress and upload video material from the field in near-broadcast quality. Also in use with BBC News.
Quicktime
Video format designed by Apple. Used in FCP
Radioman
The Radio Production System
Reith Network
The BBC's wide area network



RO
Running Order in ENPS
RX
Receive
Sat Ops
Satellite operations
SS (Still Store) (CAP - caption)
قصة تكتب باستخدام صور ثابتة او جرافيك ثابت، تشتمل على مقدمة يقرأها المذيع
SOT (Sound off Tape)
مقطع صوتي مسجل
SCAR(Spur Central Apparatus Room)
Spur Central Apparatus Room - it's the control room in where most of the news circuits go through. http://news.gateway.bbc.co.uk/scar/o...r_overview.htm
ScheduAll
Resource management system used for rotas and bookings
SDI (****** Digital Interface)
A way of distributing digital video with embedded audio.
SLUG (story title)
عنوان القصة في RO
SMDS (Satellite Media Distribution System)
World Service programme transmission system that will carry Arabic Radio and TV output.
SNG (Satellite News Gathering)
Sat Truck or fixed/flyaway uplink
Stab
A musical sting which normally places an "ending" onto a grams sequence
STING
Video and/or audio playout to separate items/sections in a programme
SX Betcam
شريط تصوير رقمي، يعرض من اجهزة متعددة الانظمة، وهو الشريط المستخدم في كاميرات اخبار BBC
Titles
Opening/closing animated sequence providing the programme with a means of identity
TBU
Telephone Balance Unit - used to interface telephones to broadcast kit, also known as TCBU
Timecode
Time reference code locked to a video signal carried on tape or embedded in a digital file.
TopCat
Web editing and publishing tool
TX
Transmission
UGC
User Generated Content - pics, videos from phones, email etc
Uplink
Satellite transmission point. Can be fixed, vehicle mounted or a flyway system
UPS
Uninterruptible Power Supply - for kit that needs a back up, Egton technical equipment is all on UPS
VizRT
Real-time 3D graphics system that drives all on-air graphics for ATV. Controlled via ENPS and BigViz
VJ (Video Journalist)
(يبحث الموضوع ويصوره ويكتب النص ويعلق بصوته ويقطع الصور الكترونيا ويرسل تقريره كاملا او شبه كامل الى المحطة)
vPoint
Video conferencing software used for low-bandwidth IP-video lives.
Vox pop
Vox populi literally means the voice of the people and refers to interviews with members of the 'general public'. Usually the interviewees are shown in public places, giving spontaneous opinions in a chance encounter. The results of such interviews can be unpredictable so the material is edited down very tightly. Trying to do them live can be impractical because of the question of balance and impartiality issues.
VT (package)
تقرير مصور من اعداد المراسل او صحافي في غرفة الاخبار
WAN
A Wide Area Network is a communication system for computers covering an area larger than a city. The BBC's WAN is called the Reith Network.
Wiki
Internal web interactive noticeboard
4W
4 wire, an additional comms circuit often to/from engineer or director in sat truck for big OBs
Z1
Sony HD capable small (ish) camera


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